Jupiter is the name given - in Roman Mythology to Zeus, the Greek God of Thunder and King of the Gods. Zeus was the most relevant deity in Greek and Roman mythologies, learn more about this icon below.
Iapetus: The Greek God of the Starry Sky
Iapetus was, in Greek Mythology, the Elder God (Titan) of the Starry Sky. He was the son of Uranus and Gaia and one of the essential ancient deities. He was often associated with Chronos, the deity of time.
Iapetus in Greek Mythology:
Iapetus, in Greek Mythology according to the tradition of Hesiod, is one of the 12 classic Titans, children of Uranus, the sky god (ancestor and grandfather of Zeus) and Gaia, the Earth (representation of our planet). He is the father of Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus and Menoethius. He is often associated with the starry sky (often confused with his father), the titan god of time, life span and mortality, especially violent death. In Latin, an expression "audax Japeti genus", that is, "the audacious offspring of Iapetus", designates humanity.
Iapetus, "The Perforator" is one of the titans highlighted by Homer in his work The Iliad, as a prisoner in Tartarus alongside Kronos. Lord of the West, ruled alongside Cronus and his brothers during the Golden Age, when the titans ruled the world and there was a new human creation (it would be compared to the heaven of Christians, men and women devoid of human needs: hunger, thirst, pain, suffering. All always happy and complete for all eternity). They became rulers, however, through the conspiracy created by their mother against their consort Uranus. Iapetus, along with his brothers, prepared an ambush when he went down to bed with Gaia.
Crio, Coeus, Hyperion and Iapetus positioned themselves in the four corners of the world to hold the celestial god while Cronos, hidden in the center, castrated Uranus with a scythe. In this myth, Iapetus and the three brothers represent the four cosmic pillars that, in the cosmogonies of the Middle East, separate heaven and earth. Iapetus was the pillar of the west, a position later occupied by his son Atlas.
Check: Cronus and Chronus
He is mentioned as the father of four children from his union with the nymph Climene, daughter of Oceano and Thetis. These are the descendants:
- Atlas: also known as Atlante: "what supports", condemned by Zeus to eternally sustain the heavens after having supported the titans when they rebelled;
- Prometheus: "what you think before" - one of the titans who supported Zeus against Kronos. Creator of men and giver of fire to mankind, he was condemned to be chained for 30,000 years, with an eagle eating his liver daily, but was freed by Heracles;
- Epimetheus: "what to think after" - created animals and men with his brother Prometheus. He received Pandora as his wife, who opened the box that spread evils in the world;
- Menoethius: "power of pain" - killed by Zeus, who shot him with lightning during Titanomachy and banished to Tartarus.
Check: Zeus, God of Thunder
Thalia is, in Greek Mythology, one of dozens of daughters of the thunder god Zeus. This "demigod" appears in the Percy Jackson movie saga and became well known from there. Learn more about Thalia below.
Phanes is a little known deity in Greek Mythology and is associated with the God of Life. He is often associated with Chaos as well as the deity of creation. He was the son of Chronos, check below.
Aurora was, in Roman Mythology, the Goddess of the Dawn. This deity (theoretically) was a plagiarism of the Greek Goddess "Eos" and also of the Hindu Goddess Hausus, check out the article below.
Juno Moneta is the Goddess of Money in Roman Mythology and her origin came from the Greek deity of Memory. This goddess was much worshiped during the republic / Roman empire, learn more about her below.
Laverna is a goddess unique to Roman Mythology and this deity is the protector of thieves. Laverna had her own sanctuary in Rome as well as being an ancient spirit of the underworld!
Lyssa is, in Greek Mythology, the Goddess Who Personifies Wrath, Anger, and Unbridled Rage. This deity is often associated with a "Spirit" who became aware of men and animals.
Eos means Aurora and is, in Greek Mythology, the Goddess of Dawn. She was highly worshiped by the Ancient Greek Religion. Learn more about this deity below.
Hecate is, in Greek Mythology, the Triple Goddess of Witches. She is often associated with Nyx (the primordial goddess of the night). Hecate was a goddess much worshiped in Ancient Greece, check it out.
Crius or simply "Crio" is the Ancient and Titan God of the Constellations, Cosmos and Star Cycles in Greek Mythology. He was the son of Uranus and Gaia. Learn more about this deity below.