Gaia: Goddess of Earth in Greek Mythology

     Gaia Goddess of Earth: in Greek Mythology and is popularly known as "Mother Earth", she is basically the personification of our planet Earth. Know everything about this Goddess below.

Gaia in Greek Mythology:

     Gaia: Goddess of Earth, in Greek Mythology, is Mother Earth, as a primordial and latent element of immense generating potential. According to Hesiod, in the beginning Chaos (the void) arises and from it Gaia, Tartarus (the abyss), Eros (love), Erebo (the darkness) and Nix (the night) are born. Gaia spawned Uranus (the sky), Ponto (the sea) and Óreas (the mountains) alone. 

     She spawned Uranus, her equal, with the desire to have someone who completely covered her, and so that there would be an eternal home for the "blessed" gods. With Ponto, Gaia spawned Nereus: He is a primitive marine god, represented as an old man, the old man of the sea. In addition to Fórcis, Ceto, Euríbia and Talmas. With Uranus, Gaia spawned the twelve titans: Oceano, Céos, Crio, Hyperio, Iapetus, Web, Reia, Themis, Mnemosyne, the golden crown Phoebe and the beloved Tethys; finally Cronos was born, the youngest and most terrible of his children, who hated his father's lust.


     Period after having conceived the titans, Uranus and the Goddess Gaia spawned the three cyclops and the three hecatronchers. As Uranus was able to predict the future, he feared the power of these sons, who would become powerful, and locked them up again in Gaia's womb. She, who moaned with atrocious pains without being able to give birth, cried out for the favor of her titanic children and asked for help to free her brothers and take revenge on her father. Of the twelve brothers, however, only Cronos accepted the conspiracy. Gaia then removed the steel from his chest and, with the help of Nix, made the toothed sickle out of it. 

     He gave it to Cronos and hid it, so that when his father came at night, he would not notice his presence. When he descended Uranus to unite again with his wife, he was surprised by Cronos, who attacked and castrated him, thus separating Heaven and Earth. Cronos threw Uranus' testicles into the sea, but a few drops fell on the land, fertilizing it. From the blood of Uranus spilled on Gaia, giants were born, erinias and meliads. After the fall of Uranus, Cronos ascended the throne of the world and freed the brothers. But seeing how powerful they were, he also feared them and imprisoned them again. Gaia, revolted by her son's act of tyranny and intolerance, plotted new revenge. Its Roman name is the word Earth itself.


     Having already assumed the rule of the universe and married Reia, Cronos was warned by Uranus that one of his sons would dethrone him. He then proceeded to devour each newborn just as his father had done. However, Gaia helped Reia to save the son that would become Zeus, hiding him in a cave in a hill in Crete, where he would be suckled by the Aix goat from the nymph Amalthea. Reia then, instead of giving his son to Cronos to devour him, handed him a stone. As an adult, Zeus declared war on his father and the other titans with the support of Gaia. For a hundred years, neither side had won. Gaia then went to Zeus and promised that he would win and become king of the universe if he went down to Tartarus and freed the three cyclops and the three hecatonchers. the new sovereign of the Universe. Zeus made an agreement with the hecatônquiros so that they would watch the Titans at the bottom of Tartarus. Gaia revolted for the third time and used all her weapons to dethrone Zeus.

Spontaneous Gods: Uranus (sky), Ponto (open sea), Óreas (mountains) and Nesos (islands).


     At first, she gave birth to the countless androgynous, beings with four legs and four arms that connected through the column ended in two heads, in addition to possessing the female and male genitals. The androgynous appeared from the ground in all quarters and climbed Olympus with the intention of destroying Zeus, but, on the advice of Themis, he and the other gods should hit the androgynous in the column, in order to divide them exactly in half. Thus done, Zeus won. 

     In another opportunity, the Goddess Gaia produced a plant that, when eaten, could give immortality to the giants; however, the plant needed light to grow. Upon learning of this Zeus ordered Helium, Selene, Eos and the stars not to ascend to heaven, and hidden in the veils of Nix, he found the plant and destroyed it. Even so Gaia urged the giants to stack the mountains in order to scale the sky and invade Olympus. Zeus and the other gods remained undefeated, however. 

     As a last alternative, Gaia sent her youngest and most horrendous son, Typhon, to finish off the gods and their allies. The gods united against the terrible creature and after a terrible and bloody battle, they succeeded in triumphing over the last intent and offspring of Gaia. Anyway, Gaia gave in and agreed with Zeus that he would never plot against his government again. In this way she was received as an Olympic titan. 

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