Aurora: Meet the Roman Goddess of Dawn

26/10/2021

     Aurora was, in Roman Mythology, the Goddess of the Dawn. This deity (theoretically) was a plagiarism of the Greek Goddess "Eos" and also of the Hindu Goddess Hausus, check out the article below.

Aurora in Roman Mythology:

     Aurora, in Roman Mythology, is a titanid and a goddess of the dawn. Aurora is equivalent to the goddess Eos in Greek mythology and the Hindu goddess Ushas.

     In Roman stories, Aurora renewed itself every morning at dawn and flew through the skies announcing the arrival of dawn.

     Aurora is the daughter of the titans Hyperion and Teia, having as relatives her two brothers, the Sun, a solar deity (equivalent to Helium in Greek mythology) and Luna, the moon goddess (equivalent to Selene in Greek mythology). She also had many husbands and four children, the North, East, West and South winds, one of whom was killed.

     One of her husbands was Titono, whom she had initially taken as a lover. Aurora asked Jupiter to grant immortality to Titonus, however, failed to ask him for eternal youth. As a result, Titono ended up aging forever.

William Shakespeare makes reference to Aurora in Romeo and Juliet.


Aurora Mythology:

     In Roman mythology, Aurora renews itself every morning and flies through the sky, announcing the arrival of the sun. Her bloodline was flexible: to Ovid, she could equally well be Pallantis, meaning the daughter of Pallas or the daughter of Hyperion. She has two brothers, a brother (Sun, the Sun) and a sister (Luna, the Moon). Roman writers rarely imitated Hesiod and later Greek poets in naming Aurōra as the mother of the Anemoi (the Winds), who were descendants of Astraeus, the father of the stars.

     Aurōra appears most often in sexual poetry with one of her mortal lovers. A myth taken from the Greek by Roman poets tells that one of her lovers was the prince of Troy, Tithonus. Tithonus was mortal and therefore would age and die. Wanting to be with her lover for all eternity, Aurora asked Jupiter to grant Tithonus immortality.

     Jupiter (in Greek mythology, Zeus) granted her wish, but she failed to ask that eternal youth accompany her immortality, and he continued to age, eventually aging forever. Aurora turned him into a cicada.

Who are Sol and Luna?

     Sun is the personification of the Sun and a god in ancient Roman religion. It was long thought that Rome actually had two different and consecutive solar gods: The first, Sol Indiges, was considered unimportant, disappearing completely in an early period. Only at the end of the Roman Empire, scholars argued, did solar worship reappear with the arrival in Rome of the Syrian Sol Invictus, perhaps under the influence of the Mithraic mysteries. Recent publications have challenged the notion of two different solar gods in Rome, pointing to the abundant evidence for the continuity of the Sun cult, and the lack of any clear differentiation - either in name or representation - between the "primitive" and the "late "Roman sun god. Its equivalent Greek god would be Helios.

     Luna, on the other hand, is the divine incarnation of the Moon. This deity is often presented as the female complement of the Sun, conceived as a god. Luna is also sometimes represented as an aspect of the Roman triple goddess (diva triformis), along with Proserpine and Hecate. Luna is not always a distinct goddess, but sometimes an epithet that specializes in a goddess, as Diana and Juno are identified as moon goddesses.

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