Helios: Ancient God of Sun in Greek Mythology


     Helios is, in Greek and Roman Mythology, the Ancient God of the Sun and he was often compared to Apollo. Hélio is his predecessor, even for being a second generation Titan. 

Helios in Greek Mythology:

     Helios is the personification of the sun in Greek Mythology. Hélio is the son of the Titan Hiperião with the titanid Téa, brother of the goddess Éos, personification of the dawn, and of the goddess Selena, personification of the moon. The equivalent of Helium in Roman mythology is the sun god, more specifically the undefeated sun.

     Helios came from the academic term heliolatria, which denotes worship and subsequent cults to the sun and solar deities, regardless of origin or nationality.

     Also from Helios came the inspiration for the name of the chemical element helium, the second most abundant chemical element in the universe.

     His Children are: Cárites, Horas, Phaetonte, Pasifae, Eetes, Circe, Lampetia, Faetusa, Heliados and Heliades, Gorgo Aex, Astris, Icnaia, Selene, Telquines or Coribantes.

Helios, The Solar God:

     Helios is represented crowned by a solar halo. He is married to Perseis, daughter of Oceano and Tethys. With her, Hélio had several children, among them Eetes, Circe, Perses and Pasifae, who married King Minos of Crete. Helios with Clímene had seven daughters, the heliades, and a son, Phaetonte. Higino also gives an alternative version, in which Phaetonte is Helios great-great-grandson.

     As time goes by, Helium is increasingly identified with the god Apollo; however, despite syncretism, they were often seen as two distinct gods (Helium was a lesser god, while Apollo is an Olympic god).

Your weapon: A Golden Rod that uses it to guide horses to make the Sun rise.

The Sun Car:

     Helios encircles the earth in the so-called car of the sun, riding the sky to the ocean to bathe the horses, starting at night. Nothing in the universe escapes his sight, a reason that even the gods summon him to act as a witness at important events.

     According to the Roman poet Ovid, Hélio's car of the sun is a chariot, sometimes represented as a chariot, pulled by four fire horses, whose names vary. According to him, the names are Piro, Eous, Eton and Flégon. According to Eumélo de Corinto, the names of the males are Éous and Ethiopian, and that of the females, which are united by a yoke, are Bronte, the thunderstorm; and Estérope, the lightning.