Augustus: The First REAL Emperor of Rome

     Find out now who, in fact, was the First Emperor of Rome. Many think it is Julius Caesar, but in fact, it was Augustus. Considered by many to be the greatest Roman Emperor of all time.

The First Roman Emperor:

     Augustus was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first emperor, ruling from 27 to 14 BC. Born Caio Otávio, he belonged to a rich and ancient equestrian branch of the plebeian family of the Otávios. After the murder of his great-uncle Julius Caesar in 44 BC, Caesar's will named Octavius as his adopted son and heir.

     The triumvirate was later cast aside under the conflicting ambitions of its members: Lepidus was exiled and stripped of his position, and Mark Antony committed suicide after his defeat at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC.

Augustus' reign:

     Despite ongoing wars of expansion across imperial borders and a year-long civil war due to imperial succession, the Roman world was largely free of large-scale conflict for over two centuries.

     Augustus, the first emperor, reformed the Roman system of taxation, developed road networks with an official mail system, established a standing army and praetorian guard, created official police and fire services for Rome, and rebuilt much of the city during his reign. reign.


     Augustus died in 14 AD, aged 75. He may have died of natural causes, although there have been unconfirmed rumors that his wife Livia Drusa poisoned him.

Second Triumvirate:

     This explicit assignment of special powers for five years was supported by law passed by the plebs, unlike the unofficial First Triumvirate of Pompey, Julius Caesar and Marcus Licinius Crassus. The triumvirs then put in place proscriptions, in which 300 (according to Apian) or 130 (according to Livy) senators and 2000 equestrians were stigmatized as criminals and deprived of their property as well as, for those who could not escape, their lives.

     This decree issued by the triumvirate was motivated in part by the need to raise funds to pay troop salaries for the upcoming conflict with Caesar's assassins, Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. Rewards for their arrest gave the Romans an incentive to capture the outlaws, while their movable and immovable property was seized by the triumvirs.

     This claim was rejected by Appian, who maintained that Octavian shared a common interest with the other triumvirs in eradicating their enemies. Suetonius presented the case that Octavian, though reluctant at first to outlaw officers, actually pursued his enemies more rigorously than the other triumvirs. Plutarch described the bans as a cruel and merciless exchange of friends and family between Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian.


     The reign of Augustus laid the foundations for a regime that lasted, in the West, until the final decline of the Western Roman Empire in 476, and in the East, until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453.

     His policies certainly extended the duration of the empire and initiated the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace") or Pax Augusta ("Peace of Augustus"). The Roman senate wished that subsequent emperors would be "more fortunate than Augustus and better than Trajan". He was intelligent, decisive and a shrewd politician, but perhaps not as charismatic as Julius Caesar, and influenced by his third wife Livia (sometimes for the worse). However, his legacy was more enduring.

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Find out now who, in fact, was the First Emperor of Rome. Many think it is Julius Caesar, but in fact, it was Augustus. Considered by many to be the greatest Roman Emperor of all time.

Quotes from Roman and Greek Gladiators: The Most Amazing and Outstanding Phrases from Icons like Spartacus, Maximus, Leonidas and Achilles. Remember, with "Gladiator" we are referring to great movie icons.

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