Who was Gaius Claudius Glaber in History?

15/05/2021

     Gaius Claudius Glaber was a "Legatus", that is, a military commander during the Roman Empire. He also had the political title of Praetor and was defeated by Spartacus. Check out.


Who was Claudius Glaber?

     Gaius Claudius Glaber was a commander of the army of Ancient Rome, sporting the posts of general (also called legacy) and praetor in 73 BC He was defeated during the battle on Mount Vesuvius against the rebel gladiator Spartacus in the famous slave revolt, also known as Third Servile War, which came to have an army with more than 100 thousand ex-slaves.

     Glaber was a member of the plebeian family. He probably had a distant connection with the gens Claudia, a rich and prominent house in Rome. Glaber, who was one of eight elected to the post of praetor in 73 B.C., is only quoted by the classic stories about his disastrous leadership against Spartacus.

How was Glaber Defeated?

     Gaius Claudius Glaber was defeated mainly because he did not have the aptitude to face the rebel gladiators in their unorthodox war tactics, such as the fall of the Capua Arena, with its forces from the Roman army, who were only private soldiers and not professional legionaries, which would have been more suited to the task of capturing Spartacus and his rebel forces.

     After Glaber besieged the slaves on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, he failed to try to anticipate the next step of the rivals, he deduced that the rebels would descend the mountain from the same place they climbed, since it was the only pass, but using another of their unorthodox tactics, the Spartacus forces used ropes made from wild vines to descend the walls of the cliffs on the other side of the mountain. They then cornered Glaber platoons, annihilating his forces. Tactics still admired today by war strategists.

     Roman records make no mention of Glaber after his defeat. It is not known whether Gaius Claudius Glaber was killed or if he was simply considered too obscure for future mentions by classical historians.