Pan: The God of Nature in Greek Mythology


     Pan was, in Greek Mythology, the God of Nature in General, it is this deity who takes care of shepherds, herds, animals... He is known for fleeing from Typhon and giving rise to the sign of Capricorn.

Pan in Greek Mythology:

     Pan, in Greek Mythology, is the God of woods, fields, flocks and shepherds. He lives in caves and roams the valleys and mountains, hunting or dancing with the nymphs. He is represented with the ears, horns and legs of a goat, a lover of music, he always carries a flute with him.

     He is feared by all who pass through the forests at night, for the darkness and solitude of the crossing predispose them to sudden dread, devoid of any apparent cause, and who are obliged to Pan; hence the term "panic". Pan fell in love with the naiad Sirinx, who disdainfully rejected her love, refusing to accept him as her lover because he was neither man nor goat.

Pan, Typhon and Capricorn:

     Pan then pursued her, but Sirinx, reaching the bank of the River Ladon and seeing that he had no longer any chance of escape, asked the river nymphs, like naiads, to change their shape. These, listening as her prayers, granted her request and turned her into a reed. When Pan reached it and wanted to grab it, there was nothing but the reed and the sound the air made as it passed through. Hearing that sound, Pan was delighted and decided to gather reeds of different sizes, inventing a musical instrument which he named Syrinx, in honor of the nymph. This musical instrument is best known as the pan flute, in honor of the god himself.

     Pan would have been one of the sons of Zeus with his wet nurse, an Amalthea goat. His great love however was Selene, a Moon. In an Egyptian version, Pan was with other gods on the banks of the Nile River and Typhon, enemy of the gods, emerged. Fear transformed each of the gods into animals and Pan, frightened, plunged into a river and thus disguised half of his body, leaving only the head and the upper part of the body, which resembled that of a goat; the submerged part adopted an aquatic appearance. Zeus considered this stratagem of Pan very clever and, as a tribute, turned it into a constellation, which would be Capricorn. In fact, it was Zeus who later defeated Typhon.

Pan in Rome:

     The Latins also called him Faun and Silvanus and he became a symbol of the world because he was associated with nature and symbolized the universe. In Rome he was called Lupertius, he is the god of shepherds and his festival, celebrated on the anniversary of the foundation of his temple, called Lupercalia, on 15, 16 and 17 February.

     Pan is associated with a cave where Romulus and Remus were nursed by a wolf. The priests who worshiped him dressed in goatskin. In the last days of Rome, ferocious wolves roamed near houses. The Romans then invited Luperco to keep the wolves at bay.

Check Now:

Erebus is, in Greek Mythology, the God of Darkness and the personification of evil and darkness; he is Nix's brother and lives in a dark and empty place called Void, check.

Meet the Goddess of Night: Nix and her relevant role within Greek Mythology. Nix was also known to be a primordial and very powerful Titaness. Check everything about this goddess.

Chaos is a Greek God and was considered by Hesiod as the first deity to appear in the universe, therefore he is the oldest of the Gods and Titans. He is also known as the primordial God of Creation in Greek Mythology.

Selene is, in Greek Mythology, the Goddess of the Moon. But unlike Artemis (who is of the new generation), Selene is the Old Goddess who represents the moon star. This deity was very dear among ancient peoples.

Neptune or Netune is the name given, in Roman Mythology, to the Greek God Poseidon (or Posídon). Neptune is the Sea King. He is also considered the god of animals and even of the earth.

Pluto, is the name given, in Roman Mythology, to the Greek God Hades. Pluto is the King of the Underworld and has as a pet, Cerberus, the three-headed Hound and guardian of the underworld.

Jupiter is the name given - in Roman Mythology to Zeus, the Greek God of Thunder and King of the Gods. Zeus was the most relevant deity in Greek and Roman mythologies, learn more about this icon below.

Thalia is, in Greek Mythology, one of dozens of daughters of the thunder god Zeus. This "demigod" appears in the Percy Jackson movie saga and became well known from there. Learn more about Thalia below.

Phanes is a little known deity in Greek Mythology and is associated with the God of Life. He is often associated with Chaos as well as the deity of creation. He was the son of Chronos, check below.

Aurora was, in Roman Mythology, the Goddess of the Dawn. This deity (theoretically) was a plagiarism of the Greek Goddess "Eos" and also of the Hindu Goddess Hausus, check out the article below.