Lyssa: The Goddess of Rage in Greek Mythology

30/07/2021

     Lyssa is, in Greek Mythology, the Goddess Who Personifies Wrath, Anger, and Unbridled Rage. This deity is often associated with a "Spirit" who became aware of men and animals.

Nyssa in Greek Mythology:

     Lyssa, in Greek Mythology, was a Goddess who personified rage, rage, unbridled fury, in animals, madness produced by anger. The Athenians wrote her name as Lýtta. She was born from Nix fertilized by the ichor that she poured from Uranus when castrated by Kronos, although Higino places her among the children of Ether and Gaia. She was closely related to the Maniae, the spirits of madness and insanity. His Roman was called Wrath, Furor or Rage. Sometimes it multiplied into a horde of Will and Rage.


Lyssa Figure:

     Lyssa was a figure in Athenian tragedy. In Aeschylus, she appears as an agent of Dionysos sent to drive the Maenads mad, and Euripides describes her with snakes on her head and glittering eyes. In his work Heracles tells how the vengeful Hera ordered Lyssa, through her messenger Iris, to make the hero mad, to whom she was a great enemy. Daemon tried to dissuade Iris without any success, and against her will, she introduced herself to Heracles, urging him to kill his wife and his own children.

     By her attributes, she was related to a group of Daemones: Mania, madness, Coalemos, stupidity, and Anoia, dementia. Its Roman equivalent was called Wrath or Furor. Sometimes, they also appeared in groups, like the Irae and the Furores. (will and fury as mentioned above).

Lyssa Mythology:

     Lyssa personifies mad rage and frenzy, just like rabies in animals. In Hercules, she is called upon by Hera to inflict insanity on the hero. In this setting, she is shown to have a moderate and measured approach to her role, professing "not to use her powers in anger against friends, nor to take any joy in visiting men's homes". She advises Iris, who wishes to carry out Hera's command, against Hercules, but, after failing to persuade, bends to the orders of the higher goddess and sends him into a mad rage that drives him to murder his wife and children.

     The Greek pot paintings of the time indicate Lyssa's involvement in the myth of Aktaion, the hunter torn apart by his own crazed dogs as punishment for looking at the naked form of the goddess Artemis. Aeschylus identifies her as the agent sent by Dionysus to drive the wicked daughters of Cadmus mad, who in turn dismember Pentheus.

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