Juno Moneta: The Goddess of Money in Roman Mythology

15/09/2021

     Juno Moneta is the Goddess of Money in Roman Mythology and her origin came from the Greek deity of Memory. This goddess was much worshiped during the republic / Roman empire, learn more about her below.

Juno Moneta in Roman Mythology:

     Moneta, in Roman Mythology, was a title given to two separate goddesses: it was the name of the goddess of memory (identified with the Greek goddess Mnemosyne) and was an epithet of Juno, called Juno Moneta. The name of the latter is the source of numerous words in English and Romance languages, including: money and mint.

     The cult of the goddess Moneta was established largely under the influence of the Greek religion, which featured the cult of Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory and the mother of the Muses. The goddess's name is derived from the Latin monēre (which means to remind, warn, or instruct). She is mentioned in a fragment of Livius Andronicus' Latin Odyssey.

     The epithet Moneta that was given to Juno, in contrast, is more likely to have been derived from the Greek word "moneres", meaning "alone" or "only one". At the time Andronicus was writing, monēre's folk etymology was widely accepted and therefore he could plausibly transmute this epithet into a reference to a separate goddess - the literary (though not religious) counterpart of the Greek Mnemosyne.

Who was Juno Moneta?

     Juno Moneta, an epithet of Juno, was the protector of funds and consequently money in ancient Rome was minted in her temple. The word "monetize" (from which the words "monetize" and "monetize" are derived) was used by writers such as Ovid, Marcial, Juvenal, and Cicero. In many modern languages, including Russian and Italian, moneta is the word for "currency".

     According to the Suda, a Byzantine encyclopedia (which uses the Greek names of the goddess), she was called Moneta (Μονήτα) because when the Romans needed money during the wars against Pyrrhus and Taranth, they prayed to Hera, and she he replied that if they resisted their enemies justly, they would not run out of money.

     After the wars, the Romans honored Hera Moneta (ie counselor - invoking the Latin verb moneo, meaning 'to advise' or 'advise') and, consequently, decided to stamp the coin in her temple.

Juno is the Roman version of the Greek goddess Hera - Goddess of Marriage.


Temple of Juno Moneta:

     The Temple of Juno Moneta (Latin: Templum Iunonis Monetæ ) was an ancient Roman temple that stood on the Arx or the citadel on Mount Capitoline overlooking the Roman Forum. Located in the center of Rome, it was close to where Roman coins were first minted and probably stored the metal and coins involved in this process, thus initiating the ancient practice of associating mints with temples. In addition, it was the place where the judges' books were deposited.

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