Electra: Daughter of Agamemnon or Goddess of the Storm?

28/02/2021

     The best known version of Electra, in Greek Mythology, was because she was a mortal and daughter of Agamemnon, there is also the Myth of being the Goddess of the Storm.

Electra in Greek Mythology:

     Electra, in Greek Mythology, was the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, sister of Orestes, Crisótemis and Ifigênia. She is the main character in a homonymous play by Sophocles and another by Euripides, in addition to the parody of Aeschylus.

     Bitter and impulsive, Electra, driven more by fury than by evil, induced her brother Orestes to murder his mother, avenging the death of his father, designed by Clitemnestra. This would be an act that both would regret, because, before her death, the queen had said that she loved her children, and that she treated her badly so that Egisto, her lover and also enemy and assassin of Agamemnon, would not distrust her feelings for the daughter, and so, do not hurt her.

     The princess, not being carried away by compassion, kills her bloody. Later, Electra marries Pylades, a friend of Orestes and his cousin, the first-born son of King Strophius.

     The term Electra complex is used in Analytical Psychology as the female counterpart of the Oedipus complex, to designate the daughter's desire for her father. The term was proposed by Jung - however, Freud, for his part, prefers to use the complex Oedipus term in both cases, without making a distinction.

Electra for having a furious temper, was often associated with "The lighted storm." For this supposed "Goddess" was not as malicious or vindictive as Hera.


In another version:

     Electra, princess of Mycenae, is daughter of Agamemnon and Clitemnestra, being sister of Orestes and Ifigênia. The queen, her mother, tormented by the sacrifice of Iphigenia, joins the husband's nephew. This prince, Egisto, had been persecuted by Agamemnon and deprived of his rights. Returning to Mycenae during the Trojan War, he joins the Queen, with whom he has a son, Aletes. The two lovers await the return of the king to consummate revenge.

     After the murder of the father by Egisto and Clitemnestra, Electra is spared by the mother. But she is consumed by the loss of her father, Agamemnon, whom she adored. She asked the gods to send her a way to avenge her death. Her prayers will be answered by her brother Orestes, whom she saved from death as a child. Predicting what would come with Egisto's return, she secretly entrusted it to an old tutor, who took him away from Mycenae. For all these reasons, she was treated in the palace as a slave.

     Fearing that her stepdaughter would have a son who might one day avenge Agamemnon's death, Egisto made her marry a poor peasant. The husband, however, respected his virginity. But the day of Orestes' return has arrived. The young princess will guide you to your father's killers. When, after the death of Egisto and Clytemnestra, Orestes was involved and "maddened" by the erinias, she sided with her and cared for her brother until the final judgment in the Areopagus of Athens. After being acquitted by Athena's vote, Orestes and Pílades, his cousin, leave for Táurida in search of a statue of Artemis. There they met Iphigenia as the priestess of Artemis. They all return to Mycenae and, after Orestes' nuptials with Hermíone, Electra marries Pílades.

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