The three Graces were known to represent art (artistic representations) within Greek Mythology. Find out more about them by reading the article below.


     The Three Graces or Cárites (translit. In the singular Kháris, in ancient Greek: Χάρις; in the plural Khárites, Χάριτες, in Latin Gratiae, 'Graças'), in Greek mythology, are the goddesses of banquet, concord, charm, gratitude, family prosperity and luck, that is, thanks. They were normally considered daughters of Zeus with Eurínome. However, other versions of the myth place them as daughters of Zeus with Eunomia, daughters of Dionysus, of Hera, and even of the sun god, Helium. Homer wrote that they were part of Aphrodite's entourage, accompanying the goddess everywhere. Endowed with beauty and virtues, they also accompanied Hera, and were dancers of the parties on Mount Olympus. They were also identified with the primitive muses, due to their predilection for choral dances and music. Apparently, their cult began in Boeotia, where they were considered goddesses of vegetation.


     Although not very relevant in Greco-Roman mythology, the theme of Graces was recurrent in Renaissance painting and gave rise to famous paintings such as Botticelli's The Spring (1445 - 1510) and Rubens' Three Graces (1577 - 1640). A curious fact is that in 15th century Florence, humanist philosophers saw them as the three phases of love: beauty, awakening from desire and achieving satisfaction. But, curiously, they also saw them as a symbol of chastity.


     Graces presided over banquets, dances, social gatherings and festive occasions. Therefore, this makes them the archetype associated with everything that brings us pleasure, contentment and positive emotions. The Triple Goddess, in general, is associated with human life cycles, such as the birth / life / death cycle. The name of each of them varies in different legends. In Homer's Iliad there is only one Carite, Aglaia. Despite regional variations, the most frequent trio is:

Talia (Θαλία or Θάλεια) - the one that makes flowers bloom.

Euphrosine (Εὐφροσύνη) - the sense of joy; Hipnos's wife.

Aglaia (Ἀγλαία) - the clarity; Hephaestus' wife.


     This archetype, therefore, teaches us that the virtues of love, charity and the production of the highest beauty must be sought within us through individual effort. Overcoming our thirst for vengeance, represented by the Erínias, so that the fabric of life allows us to enjoy the happiness and delight provided by Graces.


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The three Graces were known to represent art (artistic representations) within Greek Mythology. Find out more about them by reading the article below.

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