The Brazen Bull, also known as the Bronze Bull or Sicilian, was one of the cruelest torture and execution machines that man has ever developed, whose invention is attributed to Phalaris. Check out everything about this work below.


     The device was a hollow bronze sphinx in the shape of a mooing bull, with two openings, on the back and on the front located in the mouth. Inside there was a developed channel similar to the movable valve of a trumpet, which connected the mouth to the interior of the Taurus. After placing the victim, the entrance to the sphinx was closed and placed over a fire. As the temperature increased inside the Taurus, the air became scarce, and the executioner would look for ways to breathe, using the orifice at the end of the channel. The executioner's exhaustive cries came out of the Taurus's mouth, making it appear that the sphinx was alive.


     It is said that after Perilo completed his invention and introduced him to Pálaris, he induced him to show him how it worked, so in a sadistic way Perilo was locked in the belly of the Taurus. Perilo was the first person to be tortured inside the machine, but he was removed while still alive, being thrown off the cliff to die. According to another version, later Perilo had his moment of glory, taking revenge on the attitude of Pálaris. In a revolt against the tyrant's cruel acts, Perilo led a rebellion that ended up arresting Pálaris, executing him in a public square inside the bull, considered a symbol of cruelty.


     When Himilco took Agrigento in 406 B.C., among the looted pieces was the bronze bull, which was taken to Carthage. The historian Timaeus, who wrote his History between this event and the defeat of Carthage to the Romans, said that the bull had never existed. However, when Scipio Emiliano sacked Carthage 260 years later, among the objects returned to Agrigento was this bull, which was still there at the time of Diodoro Sículo.


     Modica idealized the statue after the New York Stock Exchange crash of 1987, "black Monday", as a gift to the city, a "symbol of the strength and power of the American people". The artist spent his savings, $ 360,000, on the work, which was installed on December 15, 1989 on Broad Street, in front of the Stock Exchange building. The sculpture was seized by New York police and taken to a vehicle yard. The ensuing public protest prompted the city's Parks and Recreation Department to reinstall it two blocks south of the Stock Exchange, in Bowling Green, with a ceremony on December 21, 1989. It faces Broadway on Whitehall Street .


     The Wall Street Bull (known as Charging Bull, in English; "Bull in charge" in free translation) is a bronze sculpture located in Bowling Green, in the financial district of Manhattan, in New York City, United States. The work weighs 3.5 tons, measures 3.4 meters in height and 4.9 meters in length. It was designed by Arturo di Modica and installed in December 1989, as a form of guerrilla art. The sculpture represents a bull in attack position, and symbolizes a thriving financial market (bull market). It became a tourist attraction in the city shortly after its installation.


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The Brazen Bull, also known as the Bronze Bull or Sicilian, was one of the cruelest torture and execution machines that man has ever developed, whose invention is attributed to Phalaris. Check out everything about this work below.

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